The firm size, farm size, and transaction costs: the case of hazelnut farms in Turkey

Demir I.

AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS, vol.47, no.1, pp.81-90, 2015 (Journal Indexed in SSCI)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 47 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2015
  • Page Numbers: pp.81-90


This study analyzes the effects of transaction costs on the size of hazelnut farms in Turkey. The study finds that higher land slope and higher variance of rain, as transaction-cost-increasing natural effects, lead to smaller hazelnut land holdings. High slope and weather variation can increase the costs of monitoring the laborers, make moving inputs or output up and down harder, limit the use of machinery, and reduce contractual performance of labor contracts. For farm production functions, land is a complex input with measurable interactions with nature. Contrary to common production theory approaches that take natural properties of land as given, the study develops a production function that incorporates natural properties, such as, slope and rain variance. The study utilizes two separate data sets for the estimations. The first data set explores the characteristics of hazelnut farmers, while the second one analyzes the regional characteristics of hazelnut farms.