Development of relationship with patient self efficacy scale: Gender, department, and grade level differences

Cevirme A., Ugurlu N., Sahranc U., Ozdemir K., Durat G., Erturk O., ...More

Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice, vol.23, no.9, pp.1201-1206, 2020 (Journal Indexed in SCI Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 23 Issue: 9
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.4103/njcp.njcp_243_18
  • Title of Journal : Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
  • Page Numbers: pp.1201-1206


© 2020 Wolters Kluwer Medknow Publications. All rights reserved.Background: Self-efficacy has become a cross-disciplinary concept. In the field of healthcare, this concept is considered crucial for nurses; who play an important role in improving the health and well-being of the community. Aims: The aim of this study was to develop a 'Relationship-with-the-patient self-efficacy scale' (RPSES). Methodology: A sample of 331 university students (310 females and 21 males; 168 from the midwifery and 162 from the nursing departments) were enrolled in the study. Out of 24 items, 8 behavior items with the highest factor loadings were selected regarding the nurse-patient-relationship self-efficacy according to the results of the preliminary exploratory factor analysis. Results: The final exploratory factor analysis revealed that the selected 8 items of RPSES had a single factor, explaining 83.28% of the total variance. The Cronbach alpha reliability coefficient was c alculated as 0.97. Conclusion: This scale has beendemonstrated to be a valid and reliable instrument.The analyses unfolded that RPSES scores of the students were not different between men and womenand did not differ by the departments the students attended; however, the RPSES scores were different by the grade levels of the students (juniors and seniors). The fourth graders' RPSES scores were higher than those of third graders.