The cons of covid-19 restrictions on physical activity in the elderly; results of an online survey


DEMİRDEL E. , Demirdel S., KARAHAN S., TOPUZ S.

Turk Geriatri Dergisi, vol.24, no.1, pp.32-40, 2021 (Journal Indexed in SCI Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 24 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.31086/tjgeri.2021.197
  • Title of Journal : Turk Geriatri Dergisi
  • Page Numbers: pp.32-40
  • Keywords: Aged, Exercise, Pandemics

Abstract

© 2021, Geriatrics Society. All rights reserved.Introduction: The aim of this study was to evaluate the physical activity level of the elderly, physical activity barriers during the COVID-19 restrictions and the effects of the restrictions on well-being. Materials and method: An online survey was used that included demographic characteristics, the Physical Activity Scale for the Elderly, Physical Activity Barriers Scale for the Elderly and questions about well-being. Stepwise logistic regression analysis was performed to examine the risk factors for physical inactivity. Results: Of 131 respondents (mean age, 70.97±5.87 years), 82.4% stated that they were less physically active due to the restrictions. Mean physical activity score was 80.79±65.18 and the most common physical activity was house-hold activities. Inactive elderly had more physical activity barriers (p=0.003). Risk factors for physical inactivity were age, medication, other occupants of the house and house type (Odds ratios were 1.13, 3.3, 3.25, 2.52 and 95% confidence intervals were 1.03-1.23, 1.36-8.05, 1.33-7.93, 1.05-6.06 respectively, p<0.05). Participants stated that they had gained weight, they felt more bored, anxious, angry, uneasy (47.3%, 78.6%, 75.6%, 54.2%, 74% of the participants respectively) since the curfews started. Conclusion: During the restrictions, the level of physical activity of the elderly decreased. Risk factors for physical inactivity are older age, taking multiple medications, living with a caregiver and living in a home without a garden or terrace. Measures to increase the level of physical activity and decrease physical activity barriers should be taken into consideration for well-being during the restrictions.