Reflective and Transformative Practice Poster: Developing a Conceptual Framework

Karaaslan H., Güven Yalçın G., Şen D., Kılıç N., Howard S. L.

Self-Directed Learning and Advising in Language Education Conference. , Ankara, Turkey, 24 April 2021, pp.27

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Summary Text
  • City: Ankara
  • Country: Turkey
  • Page Numbers: pp.27
  • Ankara Yıldırım Beyazıt University Affiliated: Yes


A questioning approach to teaching and learning stimulates “learning through and from experience towards gaining new insights of self and/or practice,” (Finlay, 2008); as such reflective practice is critical in any learning or professional development context. The term, derived primarily from the works of Dewey (1933) and Schön (1983), refers to thinking about some practice or experience in an effort to make sense of it, forming links among various elements contributing to it or resulting from it, drawing on theory, evidence, observations, peer discussions, and devising new ideas to test in future situations. Schön’s main contribution to the discussion on reflective thinking involves his expansion of the concept to include two aspects as reflection-in-action (reflecting on an ongoing situation) and reflection-on-action (reflecting on a past experience). Contemporary texts on reflection though emphasizes the importance of adopting a broader perspective to include personal reflection and social critique (Finlay, 2008). In such approaches, reflective practice encompasses self-awareness, reflection, and critical thinking (Eby, 2000). Building on this conceptualization, the participants in the current study were asked to respond to two prompts: (1) Think of a critical job-related incident or experience that has occurred while practicing your job and that has impacted the way you do things now and answer some reflective questions; (2) Describe what reflective thinking is with reference to its potential components, giving examples where necessary or alternatively/additionally write an ending for this prompt (reflective thinking is like…because…) using a metaphor to explain the concept. As the study is still in progress, for the purposes of this poster presentation, the responses to the second prompt were compiled and displayed in the form of reflection cards. Rich descriptions and metaphors compiled are aimed to engage the travelers and encourage a meditative reflective state. Enjoy the ride!