Approaches of 112 ambulance service staffers to children with burns: A survey assessment 112 Ambulans servisi çalışanlarının çocuk yanıklarına yaklaşımları: Bir anket değerlendirmesi


Demir S., Bostancı S. A. , Erturk A., ÖZTORUN C. İ. , Güney D., AZILI M. N. , ...More

Ulusal Travma ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, vol.28, no.4, pp.447-455, 2022 (Journal Indexed in SCI Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 28 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.14744/tjtes.2020.91045
  • Title of Journal : Ulusal Travma ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi
  • Page Numbers: pp.447-455
  • Keywords: Ambulance, burn, children, doctor, emergency medical technician, nurse, paramedic, transfer

Abstract

© 2022 Turkish Association of Trauma and Emergency Surgery.BACKGROUND: We aimed to evaluate the knowledge of 112 ambulance service staffers (doctors, nurses, emergency medical technicians [EMTs], and paramedics [PMs]) who were the first intervention to pediatric patients with burn injuries regarding first intervention and patient transfer. METHODS: The study included 373 personnel working in 112 ambulance services in Ankara province. Participants were asked 17 questions to measure their knowledge of burns in children. Statistical analysis was performed with the Statistical Package for Social Sciences 21.0. RESULTS: Of the participants, 26 (7%) were doctors, 25 (6.7%) nurses, 180 (48.3%) EMTs, and 142 (35.3%) PMs. Of the participants, 118 stated that they always calculate the burn surface area, while only five (1.3%) marked the correct choice of the Lund Browder scheme to the question by which method they calculated. One hundred twenty one personnel (32.4%) use the Parkland formula to calculate the amount of fluid to be given during transfer while only 7 (1.9%) use the Galveston formula, which is more suitable for children. Of the participants, 56 (15%) answered as lactated Ringer’s solution which is the correct fluid to the question of which fluid do you give at the scene and during the transfer. One hundred fifty-three participants (41%) responded correctly to the scenario question expected to recognize inhalation damage while only 138 (37%) responded correctly as “I do immediately intubate” to the inhalation injury described scenario question. One out of 373 (0.3%) participants marked the appropriate procedure for a patient who had a 50% scald burn during the first intervention and transfer. The rate of topical lidocaine use of participants was high (70.8%). Of the 373 participants, only 33 (8.8%) thought themselves competent for first aid and transfer of children with burns. If training on the subject was held, 333 personnel (89.3%) wanted to participate. CONCLUSION: It is expected that the knowledge of 112 ambulance services who see pediatric burn patients first, perform the first intervention, and provide transfer would be suitable. However, our questionnaire shows that these personnel have insufficient knowledge and need to be trained.