Airway management in general anesthesia for endovascular treatment of cerebral arteriovenous malformation: a retrospective observational study


Süzer M. A. , Özhan M. Ö. , Çaparlar C. Ö. , Eşkin M. B. , Atik B.

Brazilian Journal of Anesthesiology (English Edition), 2022 (Journal Indexed in SCI Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.bjane.2021.12.004
  • Title of Journal : Brazilian Journal of Anesthesiology (English Edition)
  • Keywords: Anesthesia, general, Arteriovenous malformations, cerebral, Intubation, intratracheal, Laryngeal masks, Radiology, interventional

Abstract

© 2021Background and objective: This retrospective and observational study aimed to retrospectively evaluate the use of the endotracheal tube (ETT) and the Laryngeal Mask Airway (LMA) for the airway management with respect to airway safety, hemodynamic stability, adverse respiratory events, and recovery characteristics in patients who underwent endovascular treatment (EVT) for cerebrovascular arteriovenous malformation under general anesthesia between 2011 and 2018. Methods: The study included data from the patient's electronic medical records and anesthesia files. The primary outcome measure was the incidence of hemodynamic disturbances and respiratory adverse events during airway management. The secondary outcome measure was the comparison of recovery characteristics. Results: The airway was secured using ETT in 41 patients and LMA in 39 patients. Airway safety was established in all patients without a complication throughout the procedure. Mean arterial blood pressure and heart rate were increased to > 20% of baseline levels at intubation and extubation periods in more patients in the ETT group than the LMA group (27 vs. 3; p = 0.07, and 11 vs. 2; p = 0.021). Respiratory adverse events including straining and coughing were observed in ten patients in the ETT group but only in one patient in the LMA group (p = 0.013). Time to extubation, to neurological assessment, and to discharge from the angiography unit were similar (p > 0.05). Conclusion: It was concluded that LMA provided sufficient airway safety as with ETT and may be used as an alternative to ETT for EVTs under general anesthesia.