Analytical examination of alcohol-based hand disinfectants in our country and evaluation with respect to COVID-19 pandemic Ülkemizde bulunan alkol bazli el dezenfektanlarinin analitik incelenmesi ve covid-19 pandemisi açisindan değerlendirilmesi


Gül Ü., Dağlı Z.

Ankara Medical Journal, vol.21, no.1, pp.83-91, 2021 (Refereed Journals of Other Institutions) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 21 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.5505/amj.2021.81598
  • Title of Journal : Ankara Medical Journal
  • Page Numbers: pp.83-91

Abstract

© 2021 Ankara Yildirim Beyazit University.Objectives: The use of alcohol-based hand disinfectants (ABHD) is recommended in the COVID-19 pandemic. This study, it was aimed to analyze the content of ABEDs in our country and to discuss the findings in the light of literature. Materials and Methods: ABHDs in our country were searched on the Google search engine. Content information of the commercial product was saved. Data were analyzed under 5 headings: according to the alcohol ratio, the presence of ethyl and/or isopropyl alcohol, the presence of other disinfectants, the presence of the moisturizer, and the formulation recommended according to the World Health Organization (WHO). Results: The most frequently observed alcohol ratios were as follows: 70%, 75%, 65%, and 80%. 21% of the products have only ethanol, 15% have only isopropyl alcohol, 34% have ethanol and isopropyl alcohol. Hydrogen peroxide was observed in 6.5% of the products. 44% of the products had glycerin, 10% had glycerin and lanolin. The formulation suggested by WHO was exactly observed in one product. Conclusion: Sars-CoV-2 virus can be inactivated by ethanol (> 75%) and isopropanol (> 70%). One of the WHO formulations contain 80% ethanol and the other 75% isopropanol. The alcohol ratio was 70% and above in more than half of ABHDs in our country. These were ethyl and/or isopropyl alcohol. Only one product complied with the WHO formulation. As a result, the most important step for hand hygiene in the COVID-19 pandemic should be the selection of ABHD with the appropriate formulation.