Thiol levels in mild or moderate COVID-19 patients: A comparison of variant and classic COVID-19 cases


DAĞCIOĞLU B. F. , KESKİN A. , Guner R. , KAYA KALEM A. , ESER F. , EREL Ö. , ...More

International Journal of Clinical Practice, 2021 (Journal Indexed in SCI Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1111/ijcp.14753
  • Title of Journal : International Journal of Clinical Practice

Abstract

© 2021 John Wiley & Sons LtdBackground: Various variants of the COVID-19 have started to attract attention recently. The clinical course of these variants and possible predictive parameters are being investigated. This study aimed to examine the relationship between thiol levels, which are indicators of oxidative stress, and variant COVID-19 types. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, patients with a diagnosis of classic COVID-19 and patients with a diagnosis of variant COVID-19 with mild and moderate symptoms followed in the clinical observatory of Ankara city hospital were included in the study group. The patients were divided into two groups according to the COVID-19 type as a variant and classic COVID-19, and a healthy control group was added for comparison. A complete blood count and thiol analysis were performed from the venous blood samples. Obtained results were compared between groups, and the ROC analysis was performed. Results: Thiol levels were significantly lower in patients with a diagnosis of COVID-19 compared with the control group. In terms of WBC, lymphocyte, neutrophil, NLR, ferritin and thiol parameters, patients with variant COVID-19 differed significantly from patients with a classic COVID-19 diagnosis. Thiol levels' cut-off values to distinguish between variant COVID-19 patients and control group from classical COVID-19 patients were almost identical (423 and 422 µmol/L, respectively). Conclusions: It seems possible to use thiol as a sensitive, specific and cost-effective marker to suspect variant COVID-19 cases. Since this study is probably the first example in this subject, it would form a basis for further studies.