Objective assessment of corneal backscattered light in myopic, hyperopic, and emmetropic children

Creative Commons License

NALÇACIOĞLU P., Sen E., Aydemir E., Kiziltoprak H., Yasar H. H.

Photodiagnosis and Photodynamic Therapy, vol.40, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 40
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.pdpdt.2022.103031
  • Journal Name: Photodiagnosis and Photodynamic Therapy
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, EMBASE, MEDLINE
  • Keywords: Backward scattering, Corneal densitometry, Emmetropia, Hyperopia, Myopia, Scheimpflug tomography
  • Ankara Yıldırım Beyazıt University Affiliated: Yes


© 2022Background: To determine the corneal densitometry(CD) values by using Scheimpflug imaging in myopic and hyperopic children and to compare the results with emmetropic children. Methods: The CD measurements of the subject were obtained with Scheimpflug tomography. The values were automatically measured in standardized grayscale units over an area 12mm in diameter, which was subdivided into 4 annular concentric zones(0-2mm, 2-6mm, 6-10mm, 10-12mm) and 3 corneal depths(anterior layer: anterior 120µm; central layer: from 120µm to the last 60µm; posterior layer: last 60µm). In addition, we evaluated the correlation between spherical equivalence and anterior corneal morphological parameters and the CD values. Results: A total of 211 participants were included in this prospective cross-sectional study. The eyes were divided into three groups related to their spherical equivalent(SE) refractive error values as follows: 88(41.7%) hyperopic eyes, 62(29.4%) myopic eyes, and 61(28.9%) emmetropic control eyes. The hyperopic eyes were found to have lower corneal densitometry values in 4 annular zones and the total 0-12 diameter of all layers except the central layer. However, only the 6-10mm annular zone of the central and posterior layers of the myopic eyes had lower corneal densitometry values than emmetropic eyes. There was also a significant correlation between spherical equivalent and corneal densitometry values in the anterior layer(0-2mm, 2-6mm zones), central layer(0-2mm, 10-12mm zones), posterior layer(6-10mm, 10-12mm zones, and the total 0-12mm diameter), and total corneal thickness(0-2mm zone) of the hyperopic eyes. Conclusions: Backward scattering of light was lower in hyperopic eyes and this could indicate better visual quality.