Photodiagnosis and Photodynamic Therapy, vol.40, 2022 (SCI-Expanded)
© 2022Background: To determine the corneal densitometry(CD) values by using Scheimpflug imaging in myopic and hyperopic children and to compare the results with emmetropic children. Methods: The CD measurements of the subject were obtained with Scheimpflug tomography. The values were automatically measured in standardized grayscale units over an area 12mm in diameter, which was subdivided into 4 annular concentric zones(0-2mm, 2-6mm, 6-10mm, 10-12mm) and 3 corneal depths(anterior layer: anterior 120µm; central layer: from 120µm to the last 60µm; posterior layer: last 60µm). In addition, we evaluated the correlation between spherical equivalence and anterior corneal morphological parameters and the CD values. Results: A total of 211 participants were included in this prospective cross-sectional study. The eyes were divided into three groups related to their spherical equivalent(SE) refractive error values as follows: 88(41.7%) hyperopic eyes, 62(29.4%) myopic eyes, and 61(28.9%) emmetropic control eyes. The hyperopic eyes were found to have lower corneal densitometry values in 4 annular zones and the total 0-12 diameter of all layers except the central layer. However, only the 6-10mm annular zone of the central and posterior layers of the myopic eyes had lower corneal densitometry values than emmetropic eyes. There was also a significant correlation between spherical equivalent and corneal densitometry values in the anterior layer(0-2mm, 2-6mm zones), central layer(0-2mm, 10-12mm zones), posterior layer(6-10mm, 10-12mm zones, and the total 0-12mm diameter), and total corneal thickness(0-2mm zone) of the hyperopic eyes. Conclusions: Backward scattering of light was lower in hyperopic eyes and this could indicate better visual quality.