Relationship of Sleep Disturbances in Children with Depression / Anxiety Symptoms in Children and Their Parents During the Covid-19 Pandemic


Koyuncu Z., GÖKLER M. E. , Yazıcı M. S. , AYDIN A. R. , Adıyaman F., Tarakçıoğlu M. C. , ...More

Neuropsychiatric Investigation, vol.60, no.2, pp.42-48, 2022 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 60 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.5152/neuropsychiatricinvest.2022.22013
  • Journal Name: Neuropsychiatric Investigation
  • Journal Indexes: Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.42-48
  • Keywords: Anxiety, children, depression, sleep, stress

Abstract

© 2022, Istanbul Universitesi. All rights reserved.Objective: Sleep disturbances are reported as common in children during the COVID-19 outbreak. This study was designed to investigate relationship between sleep problems of children and depression/anxiety symptoms in both children and their parents. Methods: A total of 372 parents completed a web-based survey on sociodemographic and clinical data. The psychiatric status was assessed using Depression Anxiety and Stress Scale-21 (DASS-21), Health Anxiety Inventory (HAI), Revised Child Anxiety and Depression Scale–Parent Version (RCADS-P), and Sleep Disturbance Scale for Children. Results: It was found that significant sleep disturbances were higher in school-aged children (P =.015). HAI and RCADS-P scores were higher in children with sleep disturbances in all developmental periods. DASS-21 subscale scores were higher in preschoolers and school-aged children with significant sleep disturbances. Conclusion: Depression and anxiety symptoms in children and parents are associated with sleep problems in children. In addition, school-aged children can be thought to be more at risk for depression/anxiety symptoms and sleep problems. Psychiatric evaluation of children and their parents is recommended when sleep problems occur in children during the COVID-19 outbreak.