Selective sensing of Fe3+ at pico-molar level with ethyl cellulose based electrospun nanofibers

Kacmaz S., ERTEKİN K., Gocmenturk M., Suslu A., ERGÜN M. Y., ÇELİK E.

Reactive and Functional Polymers, vol.73, no.4, pp.674-682, 2013 (SCI-Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 73 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2013
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.reactfunctpolym.2013.02.003
  • Journal Name: Reactive and Functional Polymers
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.674-682
  • Keywords: Electrospinning, Fluorescence, Nanofiber, Nanosensor, Optical Fe(III) sensor
  • Ankara Yıldırım Beyazıt University Affiliated: Yes


In this work, a new procedure for the direct determination of picomolar levels of iron in water is presented. Ethyl cellulose (EC) based nano-fibers were fabricated by electrospinning technique. The limit of detection for Fe 3+ is 0.07 pM (based on 3 s of the blank, n = 4). A fluorescent chromoionophore and an ionic liquid were used together as sensing agent and signal stabilizer additives, respectively. The offered composite displayed a sensitive response for Fe3+ ions over a wide concentration range [1.0 × 10-12-1.0 × 10-6 M]. The sensing design exhibited a response time of less than 30 s which is one of the shortest reported responses among similar solid state sensing agents. The sensor was fully reversible and regeneration time was shorter than 60 s. Preliminary results show that sensitivity and selectivity of the nanofibrous membranes to detect Fe3+ ions are higher than those reported previously. Additionally, the exploited nanostructures provided faster sensor dynamics in applications.© 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.