Evaluation of thiol-disulfide homeostasis in pseudoexfoliation glaucoma and primary open-angle glaucoma

Cetinkaya E., Duman R., Sabaner M., Erol M., Duman R., Nural C. , ...More

Nigerian journal of clinical practice, vol.23, no.10, pp.1401-1406, 2020 (Journal Indexed in SCI Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 23 Issue: 10
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.4103/njcp.njcp_452_19
  • Title of Journal : Nigerian journal of clinical practice
  • Page Numbers: pp.1401-1406


Aims: This study aimed to compare the serum thiol-disulfide homeostasis, total antioxidant status (TAS), and total oxidant status (TOS) in patients with pseudoexfoliation glaucoma (PEG) patients, primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) patients, and healthy individuals (control). Methods: Ninety subjects were included in this study. Three groups were separated as PEG, POAG, and control. All groups were chosen to be similar in terms of age and gender. Blood samples were obtained following an overnight fasting state and were collected on the ice at 4°C. The serum samples were separated from the cells by centrifugation at 3000 rpm for 15 min and were stored at -80°C. Serum samples analyzed for TAS and TOS, native thiol, total thiol, disulfide, and native thiol/disulfide ratio. Results: TAS and TOS levels of PEG patients were 1.2892 ± 0.0905 mmol/L; 5.0191 ± 2.7722 μmol/L, respectively. TAS and TOS levels of POAG patients were 1.2741 ± 0.1252 mmol/L; 4.1674 ± 1.7723 μmol/L, respectively. TAS and TOS levels of the control group were 2.3414 ± 0.1409 mmol/L; 4.0931 ± 0.1107 μmol/L, respectively. The TAS level was significantly lower in PEG and POAG groups compared to control. TOS level showed no significant differ ¬ ence between PEG, POAG, and control groups (P > 0.05). The mean serum total thiol and native thiol levels were significantly lower in patients with PEG compared to POAG and control group; there was no significant difference between the POAG and control group (P > 0.05). The mean serum disulfide level was significantly lower in patients with PEG compared to POAG (P = 0.018). Conclusion: Low levels of TAS were observed in patients with glaucoma, which was likely a response to the increased oxidative stress observed in these patients. While total thiol and native thiol levels were higher in the PEG group, the disulfide level was higher in the POAG group. TAS and TOS levels showed no significant difference between POAG and PEG groups.