Effectiveness of a Pressure Injury Prevention Care Bundle; Prospective Interventional Study in Intensive Care Units


YILMAZER T., TÜZER H.

Journal of Wound, Ostomy and Continence Nursing, vol.49, no.3, pp.226-232, 2022 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 49 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1097/won.0000000000000875
  • Journal Name: Journal of Wound, Ostomy and Continence Nursing
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded, Social Sciences Citation Index, Scopus, CINAHL, EMBASE, MEDLINE
  • Page Numbers: pp.226-232
  • Keywords: Care bundle, Nursing, Pressure injury, Prevention

Abstract

© 2022 Lippincott Williams and Wilkins. All rights reserved.PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to assess the effectiveness of a pressure injury prevention care bundle. DESIGN: Prospective interventional study. SUBJECTS AND SETTING: Participants were 13 nurses and 104 patients cared for in the intensive care unit for at least 24 hours in a university hospital in Ankara, Turkey. METHODS: The study was conducted in 2 stages: the pre-care and post-care bundle stages. In the pre-care bundle stage, the pressure injury incidence of the patients was followed by the nurses. At the end of the third month, the researcher held a 1-day training program for the nurses about the care bundle use to promote correct implementation. In the post-care bundle stage, the nurses provided care according to the bundle. Compliance with the care bundle was assessed. Pressure injury incidence rates in the pre- and post-care bundle stages were compared. RESULTS: The incidence of stage 1 pressure injury was 15.11 (1000 patient-days) in the pre-care bundle stage and 6.79 (1000 patient-days) in the post-care bundle stage; this reduction was not statistically significant. CONCLUSIONS: A pressure injury prevention bundle was implemented in an intensive care unit, resulting in a decline in stage 1 pressure injuries.