Risk factors and motor outcome of paediatric stroke patients


Karalok Z. S. , Genc H. M. , Taskin B. D. , Ceylan N., Guven A., Yarali N.

Brain and Development, vol.41, no.1, pp.96-100, 2019 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 41 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.braindev.2018.07.004
  • Journal Name: Brain and Development
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded, Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.96-100
  • Keywords: Cause, Childhood epilepsy, Outcome, Recurrence, Risk factors, Stroke

Abstract

© 2018 The Japanese Society of Child NeurologyBackground: Childhood stroke causes significant morbidity and mortality. In this study, we aimed to define the presenting findings, causes, risk factors and motor outcomes of our patients. Methods: We retrospectively analysed patients aged from 1 month to 18 years who were diagnosed as having the first onset of stroke between January 2006 and December 2015. Presenting features, causes, risk factors, recurrence rate and motor outcomes were recorded. Motor outcome was evaluated by the gross motor function classification system. Results: Forty-seven children were included in the study. Thirty-eight (78.7%) children had an arterial stroke, 9 (19.1%) had a venous stroke. The median age at the time of presentation was 60 months (3–214). Thirty-two patients (68%) presented with a focal neurological sign and 9 presented with seizure (19.1%). Patients who had a venous stroke presented with more diffuse neurological symptoms than those who had an arterial stroke. At least one risk factor for stroke was identified in 74.5% of the patients; the most common causative factor was prothrombotic state seen in 16 patients (33.5%). Stroke recurred in 5 patients (10.6%); coexistence of multiple factors was a risk factor for recurrence. Presenting with seizure was not a facilitator for epilepsy. Thirty-two (68%) patients had a favourable motor outcome. Younger age (24 months versus 114 months) and presenting with focal neurological signs were related to non-favourable motor outcome. Conclusion: Our cohort demonstrates that most of the children had a risk factor for stroke and have had favourable motor outcome. However, younger age and presenting with focal seizures are related to non-favourable motor outcome.