© 2016 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.Objective: Angiogenesis have implications in leukemia biology. Angiopoietin 1 (Ang 1) is an angiogenic cytokine which is essential in survival and proliferation of endothelial cells. Angiopoietin 2 (Ang 2) promotes dissociation of pericytes and increases vascular permeability and stromal derived factor 1 alpha (SDF 1α) which is a key player in stem cell traffic in the bone marrow (BM), has stimulating effects on angiogenesis as well. Here, we investigated the role of the leukemic BM microenvironment and specifically, the role of SDF 1α-CXCR4 and Ang 1/Ang 2–Tie 2 axes. Methods: Here, Ang 1, Ang 2, and SDF 1α levels were measured in the BM plasma and in supernatants of mesenchymal stem/stromal cells (MSCs) of patients with ALL and compared with those of healthy controls. Results: The results showed that at diagnosis, BM plasma levels of Ang 1 and SDF 1α were significantly low and Ang 2 was high when compared to control values. Remission induction was associated with an increase in Ang 1/Ang 2 ratio and SDF levels in BM plasma. Discussion: The results suggest that BM microenvironment and leukemic cell–stroma interaction influences the secretion of Ang 1, 2 and SDF 1α, thus, may affect both angiogenesis, homing and mobilization of leukemic blasts.