Developments in perinatal and neonatal care have increased the survival rate of high-risk newborns but led to a rise in chronic diseases seen in these infants. A significant number of them attend primary and secondary health care centers after discharge; however, there are very few standard protocols for the long-term follow-up of these babies. Therefore, we aimed to establish a follow-up guideline that emphasizes on universal screening schemes and takes into consideration national data. The guide presented here provides brief recommendations for physicians in light of evidence-based data for the follow-up of high-risk newborn infants. The steps taken to monitor and solve the problems of all high-risk infants may vary. We hope the use of such a standard approach in evaluating each infant in daily routine will improve the life quality of these high-risk infants.