Evaluation of auditory disability and cochlear functions in industrial workers exposed to occupational noise


Soylemez E., MÜJDECİ B.

Hearing, Balance and Communication, vol.19, no.1, pp.16-20, 2021 (Journal Indexed in ESCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 19 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/21695717.2020.1727214
  • Title of Journal : Hearing, Balance and Communication
  • Page Numbers: pp.16-20

Abstract

© 2020 International Association of Physicians in Audiology.Purpose: The aim of this study is to investigate cochlear functions and auditory disability in industrial workers exposed to occupational noise (IWEON). Method: A total of 30 normal hearing male workers (mean age: 34.2 ± 6.7; range: 24–50) who were actively working in the metal industry for at least 5 years and 30 healthy male subjects (mean age: 31.9 ± 8.3; range: 23–49) without occupational noise exposure were included in the study. Distortion product otoacoustic emission (DPOAE) and Turkish version of Amsterdam Inventory for Auditory Disability and Handicap (T-AIADH) was applied to all subjects. Results: DPOAEs at 3 and 4 kHz of the IWEON group was significantly lower than the control group (p <.05). IWEON group also was worse than the control group in terms of speech and music intelligibility in the T-AIADH (p <.05). Conclusions: Minimal damage of the outer hair cells may cause poor speech and music intelligibility. T-AIADH and DPOAE may be used as a screening test in routine practice for early diagnosis of minimal cochlear damage.