© 2021 Iniestares, S.A.. All rights reserved.OBJECTIVES: Premature ejaculation (PE) is one of the most frequently seen causes of sexual dysfunction in males. The aim of this study is to investigate whether the music therapy is effective in the treatment of acquired PE and compare the intravaginal ejaculation latency time (IELT), premature ejaculation diagnostic tool (PEDT), and anxiety scores of patients with acquired PE symptoms that underwent music therapy to patients that were treated with 30 mg dapoxetine. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study's inclusion criteria was as following: Age range from 20-35, married, has regular sexual intercourse, non-smokers, and has no known comorbidities. All participants of the study were diagnosed with acquired PE based on the International Society for Sexual Medicine criteria. Experimental group (group 1) included 60 patients that were asked to listen to relaxing music and meditate for 45 minutes before the sexual intercourse while continuing their daily routine. This group was selected randomly and prospectively from young healthy individuals. Meanwhile, control group (group 2) included 60 patients who were treated with 30 mg dapoxetine for PE and whose datas were collected from the hospital archive. The patients were evaluated before treatment and re-evaluated (PEDT, IELT, anxiety level) after 60 days. State-Trait Anxiety Inventory was used to assess state and trait anxiety. RESULTS: In both groups, a significant difference (p<0.001) was observed in pre and post-treatment IELT, PEDT, and anxiety scores. Although group 2 showed better improvement in both IELT and PEDT scores, there was no significant difference between two groups. CONCLUSION: Listening to music and other similar anxiety decreasing methods can be a part of treatment plan for PE.