The aim of this case report is to demonstrate a very rare coincidental existence and management of the Killian-Jamieson diverticulum during thyroid surgery in a patient with dysphagia. An 18-year-old female patient with the complaints of progressive dysphagia and a rapidly growing mass at the anterior cervical region was undergone thyroid lobectomy. Coincidentally, a 2x2 cm Killian-Jamieson diverticulum was observed and simultaneously excised with the thyroid lobe, preserving the recurrent laryngeal nerve. Dysphagia is a frequent symptom, especially in patients with a rapidly growing thyroid mass. Thyroid surgeons should keep in mind that hypopharyngeal and upper esophageal pathologies can mimic the symptoms of a thyroid mass; therefore, detailed imaging techniques should be used for the differential diagnosis.