Evaluation of Machinability of AISI 304 and AISI 316 Austenitic Stainless Steels

Altan Ozbek N., ÇİÇEK A., Gulesin M., ÖZBEK O.

JOURNAL OF POLYTECHNIC-POLITEKNIK DERGISI, vol.20, no.1, pp.43-49, 2017 (Journal Indexed in ESCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 20 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2017
  • Page Numbers: pp.43-49


In this study, turning tests were performed to assess machinability of AISI 304 and AISI 316 austenitic stainless steels using uncoated tungsten carbide tools. The tests were conducted at four cutting speeds (100, 120, 140 and 160 m/min), three feed rates (0.15, 0.3 and 0.45 mm/rev), and a fixed depth of cut (2.4 mm) under dry cutting conditions. Machinability of AISI 304 and AISI 316 steels was evaluated in terms of tool wear, main cutting force and surface roughness. Experimental results showed that larger wear damages formed on the cutting inserts used for machining of AISI 316 steel. In addition, higher values of cutting forces and surface roughness were measured in machining of AISI 316 steel. In consequence of experimental study, it was found that AISI 316 steel had harder machinability characteristics than AISI 304 steel.