Administrative, Political and Demographic Structure of Dobruca According to the Report Dated January 1918

Ozbek S., Onal T.

GAZI AKADEMIK BAKIS-GAZI ACADEMIC VIEW, vol.11, no.21, pp.261-276, 2017 (Journal Indexed in ESCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 11 Issue: 21
  • Publication Date: 2017
  • Page Numbers: pp.261-276


Starting from the beginning of the ninetieth century, the Ottoman State officials prepared reports on the regions, where there's need, regarding their geographical constriction, population movements (migration) and settlement status, and implemented new policies in line with these reports. Because of its strategic location and the Muslim population is a place to live in, so Dobruja is one of the geographical regions where these policies are applied. While numerous reports were filed on Dobruja in different periods, the number of these reports increased during the World War I. Just as Romania or Bulgaria, the Ottoman Empire was also spending effort to have authority on Dobruja, while these efforts were intensified in 1918. One of the studies carried out within the scope of these efforts is the report named "Dobruca Kit'asinin Ahval-i Idariyye ve Ictimaiyyesi" (The Administrative and Social Status of Dobruja Land), which was published by the military publishing house in 1334 (1918) and is preserved in Library of the Department of Ottoman Archives. While the report describes the Romanians' forcing the Muslim population to migrate on one hand, and Bulgarians' desires of being settled in Dobruja on the other hand, the given statistics regarding the population draws attention. Dobruja's becoming an important front during the War, its occupation by the allied countries, establishment of various administrative organizations are also demonstrated important information described. The most important factor that caused the preparation of the Report was determining the structure of the administrative organization to be settled here, regarding the possibility of Dobruja's being left to Ottoman State again.