Inflation forecasting in an emerging economy: selecting variables with machine learning algorithms


Özgür Ö. , Akkoç U.

International Journal of Emerging Markets, 2021 (Refereed Journals of Other Institutions) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume:
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1108/ijoem-05-2020-0577
  • Title of Journal : International Journal of Emerging Markets

Abstract

© 2021, Emerald Publishing Limited.Purpose: The main purpose of this study is to forecast inflation rates in the case of the Turkish economy with shrinkage methods of machine learning algorithms. Design/methodology/approach: This paper compares the predictive ability of a set of machine learning techniques (ridge, lasso, ada lasso and elastic net) and a group of benchmark specifications (autoregressive integrated moving average (ARIMA) and multivariate vector autoregression (VAR) models) on the extensive dataset. Findings: Results suggest that shrinkage methods perform better for variable selection. It is also seen that lasso and elastic net algorithms outperform conventional econometric methods in the case of Turkish inflation. These algorithms choose the energy production variables, construction-sector measure, reel effective exchange rate and money market indicators as the most relevant variables for inflation forecasting. Originality/value: Turkish economy that is a typical emerging country has experienced two digit and high volatile inflation regime starting with the year 2017. This study contributes to the literature by introducing the machine learning techniques to forecast inflation in the Turkish economy. The study also compares the relative performance of machine learning techniques and different conventional methods to predict inflation in the Turkish economy and provide the empirical methodology offering the best predictive performance among their counterparts.