Self-reported metal hypersensitivity in patients undergoing unicondylar knee arthroplasty

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Atilla H. A. , Çevik H. B. , Akdoğan M., Aslan H.

Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma, vol.14, pp.17-21, 2021 (Refereed Journals of Other Institutions) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 14
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.jcot.2020.10.002
  • Title of Journal : Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma
  • Page Numbers: pp.17-21


© 2020 Delhi Orthopedic AssociationObjectives: There is ongoing discussion about arthroplasty surgery of patients with metal hypersensitivity. The aim of this study was to compare the functional outcomes and eosinophil counts of unicondylar knee arthroplasty (UKA) patients with and without a history of metal hypersensitivity. Methods: A retrospective review was made of the medical records of 148 extremities of 140 consecutive patients who underwent primary UKA between January 2016 and December 2017. The patients who met the inclusion criteria were screened for history of metal hypersensitivity using a questionnaire. The functional outcomes of patients and eosinophil levels were evaluated immediately before and at 6 weeks after surgery. Results: The mean follow-up period was 37 months (range, 18–48 months). Of the total 128 patients, 13 (10.2%) reported a history of metal hypersensitivity before the operation. There was no statistically significant difference between patients with or without a history of metal hypersensitivity in respect of the functional outcomes or eosinophil counts (p > 0.05). Conclusions: The results of this study showed that the functional outcomes of patients who underwent UKA using a standard alloy did not change between the groups who reported having or not having a history of metal hypersensitivity. Although the study also showed that the eosinophil counts decreased after surgery compared to the preoperative counts, there was no statistical relationship between the eosinophil count and functional outcomes or metal hypersensitivity history.