La Radiologia medica, cilt.124, sa.2, ss.87-93, 2019 (SCI Expanded İndekslerine Giren Dergi)
PurposeThe purpose of our study was to analyze the difference between IVIM DWI and perfusion parameters of malignant lesions and benign lesions-normal prostate tissue.MethodsThis prospective study included 31 patients who had multiparametric prostate MRI with IVIM DWI due to elevated prostate-specific antigen level and clinical suspicion between February 2015 and September 2016.Results For peripheral zone, the mean values of K-trans, K-ep, iAUC, (2) and f were significantly higher in malignant lesions, and the mean values of Dt were significantly lower in malignant lesions (p 0.00, p 0.02, p 0.00, p 0.02 and p 0.00, respectively). For transitional zone, the mean values of K-trans, V-e, iAUC, (2) and f were significantly higher in malignant lesions, and the mean values of Dp and Dt were significantly lower in malignant lesions (p 0.00, p 0.00, p 0.00, p 0.00, p 0.00, p 0.02 and p 0.00, respectively). For whole prostate gland, the mean values of K-trans, K-ep, V-e, iAUC, (2) and f were significantly higher in malignant lesions, and the mean values of Dp and Dt were significantly lower in malignant lesions (p 0.00, p 0.03, p 0.00, p 0.00, p 0.00, p 0.01, p 0.04 and p 0.00, respectively).ConclusionsRestricted diffusion-pseudodiffusion and increased perfusion parameters are important to differentiate prostate cancer from benign pathologies. It is also important to keep in mind that transitional zone and peripheral zone tumors may have different perfusion and diffusion parameters. Future studies are needed to confirm our findings.