An unsolved problem in developing countries: hydatid cysts in children

ÖZTORUN C. İ. , Demir S., Güney D., Ertürk A., Bayram Ilıkan G., Karabulut B., ...More

Pediatric Surgery International, 2021 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume:
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s00383-021-04904-3
  • Journal Name: Pediatric Surgery International
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded, Scopus, Academic Search Premier, CAB Abstracts, CINAHL, EMBASE, MEDLINE, Veterinary Science Database


© 2021, The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature.Purpose: Hydatid cyst (HC) is a serious health problem in developing countries. The aim is to discuss the clinical information, surgical and puncture–aspiration–injection–re-aspiration (PAIR) treatments, and results of patients with HC in a developing country. Methods: Patients were analyzed in terms of gender, age, presenting complaint, misdiagnosed HC, cyst location, cyst number, cyst size, liver HC type according to the World Health Organization Informal Working Group Echinococcosis (WHO-IWGE) classification, pulmonary HC, hemithorax locations, treatments and interventions, duration of hospitalization, follow-up period, postoperative complications, and recurrence. Results: There were 106 girls and 99 boys with a mean age of 10.7 years. The most common location was the liver (n = 170), and the second most common was the lungs (n = 67). The mean diameter for liver HC was 86.27 mm, and it was 73.90 mm for pulmonary HC. PAIR was performed on 61 patients with liver HC using interventional radiology. 109 patients underwent surgery. The most common complications were cystobiliary fistula in liver HC and atelectasis in pulmonary HC. Conclusion: HC should be one of the first considerations in the differential diagnosis in all anatomical areas in the presence of suspicious radiological and clinical findings in endemic regions.