New and improved search algorithms and precise analysis of their average-case complexity

Amrahov S. E. , Mohammed A. S. , Celebi F. V.

Future Generation Computer Systems, vol.95, pp.743-753, 2019 (Journal Indexed in SCI Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 95
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.future.2019.01.043
  • Title of Journal : Future Generation Computer Systems
  • Page Numbers: pp.743-753


In this paper, we consider the searching problem over ordered sequences. It is well known that Binary Search (BS) algorithm solves this problem with very efficient complexity, namely with the complexity theta(log(2)n). The developments of the BS algorithm, such as Ternary Search (TS) algorithm do not improve the efficiency. The rapid increase in the amount of data has made the search problem more important than in the past. And this made it important to reduce average number of comparisons in cases where the asymptotic improvement is not achieved. In this paper, we identify and analyze an implementation issue of BS. Depending on the location of the conditional operators, we classify two different implementations for BS which are widely used in the literature. We call these two implementations weak and correct implementations. We calculate precise number of comparisons in average case for both implementations. Moreover, we transform the TS algorithm into an improved ternary search (ITS) algorithm. We also propose a new Binary-Quaternary Search (BQS) algorithm by using a novel dividing strategy. We prove that an average number of comparisons for both presented algorithms ITS and BQS is less than for the case of correct implementation of the BS algorithm. We also provide the experimental results. (C) 2019 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.