Nonlinear and saturable absorption characteristics of amorphous InSe thin films

Yüksek M., Kürüm U., YAĞLIOĞLU H. G., ELMALI A., ATEŞ A.

Journal of Applied Physics, vol.107, no.3, 2010 (SCI-Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 107 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2010
  • Doi Number: 10.1063/1.3298500
  • Journal Name: Journal of Applied Physics
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Ankara Yıldırım Beyazıt University Affiliated: No


We prepared very thin amorphous InSe films and investigated the thickness dependence of the nonlinear absorption by pump-probe and open aperture Z-scan techniques. While thinner films (20 and 52 nm) exhibit saturable absorption, thicker films (70 and 104 nm) exhibit nonlinear absorption for 4 ns, 65 ps, and 44 fs pulse durations. This behavior is attributed to increasing localized defect states in the energy band gap as the film thickness increases. We developed a theoretical model incorporating one photon, two photon, and free carrier absorptions and their saturations to derive the transmission in the open aperture Z-scan experiment. The theory of open aperture Gaussian beam Z-scan based on the Adomian decomposition method was used to fit the experimental curves. Nonlinear absorption coefficients along with saturation intensity thresholds were extracted from fitting the experimental results for all pulse durations. The lowest saturation threshold was found about 3× 10 -3 GW/cm2 for 20 nm film thickness with nanosecond pulse duration and increased about four orders of magnitude for 104 nm film thickness. © 2010 American Institute of Physics.