Journal of Tissue Viability, vol.31, no.3, pp.459-464, 2022 (SCI-Expanded)
© 2022 Tissue Viability Society / Society of Tissue ViabilityAim: This study investigated the effect of care under the guidance of a pressure ulcer prevention care bundle on pressure ulcer incidence rates and on nursing workload costs. Design, setting, and participants: This prospective pre-post interventional study was conducted in an anesthesia and reanimation intensive care unit. The sample consisted of 16 nurses and 84 patients. Methods: The study was conducted in two periods: (1) nursing workload of pre-care bundle period and (2) nursing workload of post-care bundle period. In the collection of data, 6 forms (the demographic data forms, the Braden scale, nurse information form, the care bundle follow-up form and nursing workload follow-up form) were administered. The main outcomes of the study; Pressure ulcer incidence rate was evaluated with Form V, and nursing workload costs were evaluated with Form VI. These forms were evaluated daily by the nurses. In the first period (15.09.2018–30.11.2018), pressure ulcer incidence rates and nursing workload costs were evaluated before training. Then, the researcher trained nurses on how to prevent pressure ulcers and use the care bundle. The care bundles components were risk assessment, skincare, activity, in-service training, nutrition, wetness/incontinence and support surface management, and keeping records. In the second period (01.12.2018–15.02.2019), pressure ulcer incidence rates and nursing workload costs were evaluated after the training. The outcomes of the two periods regarding the incidence of pressure ulcers and nursing workload costs were compared. Results: The pressure ulcer incidence rates before and after the care bundle were 22.1 and 13.0 per 100 patient-day, respectively. There was a decrease in pressure ulcer incidence rates after the care bundle, but it wasn't significant (p = 0.138). The total workload cost of pressure ulcer prevention was significantly lower after the care bundle than before (p = 0.001). Conclusion: The pressure ulcer incidence rates were lower after the care bundle than before, albeit insignificantly. The total pressure ulcer prevention workload costs were significantly lower after the care bundle than before. The reduction in pressure ulcer incidence and workload cost indicates that the use of care bundle is effective. Healthcare professionals in intensive care units should use a pressure ulcer prevention care bundle more often.