Risk factors for mortality following one-stage septic hip arthroplasty — a case–control study


Busch S., Citak M., Akkaya M. , Prange F., Gehrke T., Linke P.

International Orthopaedics, vol.46, no.3, pp.507-513, 2022 (Journal Indexed in SCI Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 46 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s00264-021-05230-y
  • Title of Journal : International Orthopaedics
  • Page Numbers: pp.507-513
  • Keywords: Aseptic, Mortality, One-stage septic exchange, Periprosthetic joint infection, Risk factors, Septic, Total hip arthroplasty

Abstract

© 2021, The Author(s) under exclusive licence to SICOT aisbl.Purpose: Despite good clinical outcomes and a high success rate, there is a comparatively high mortality after one stage septic exchange of total hip arthroplasty. The aim of this study was to identify risk factors for mortality in the hospitalization period after one-stage septic exchange of THA. Methods: We retrospectively analyzed in our database all patients who had a one-stage septic exchange for periprosthetic infection of THA and died during hospitalization (n = 33). The control group was matched semi-randomly by surgical procedure (n = 121) who did not die during hospitalization. The two groups were analyzed for risk factors such as age, Charlson Comorbidity Index (CCI), and high-/low-virulence bacteria. Results: In the deceased group, 16 patients were female and 17 were male with a mean age at surgery of 73.2 years. In the control group, there were 55 females and 66 males with an average age at surgery of 68.2 years. Comparing the two groups, the deceased group had a significantly higher proportion of liver disease as well as higher rate of pulmonary embolism, apoplexy, and/or myocardial infarction, an increased CCI with an average of 6.5 and advanced age. Further demographic and surgery-related parameters especially high- or low-virulent germs were not identified as risk factors for mortality during the hospitalization period. The binominal logistic regression analysis showed that the probability of an inpatient death following one-stage septic exchange of THA increases by a factor of 3.079, with each additional point of the CCI. Conclusion: In conclusion, advanced age and high CCI are the main risk factors for mortality after single-stage septic change of THA. However, high-virulence bacteria have no influence on the mortality during the hospitalization period after one-stage septic exchange of THA.