© 2021 John Wiley & Sons LtdBackground: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a neuroinflammatory disease and inflammation and oxidative stress play important roles in its pathology. Thiol/disulphide homeostasis (TDH) is a special oxidative stress biomarker that has been found to be affected in several disorders including MS. There is no study demonstrating the effects of attack status of the relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS) patients on TDH levels. Our aim was to determine TDH levels in three different periods of RRMS patients and healthy individuals. Methods: The study was carried out in 29 patients with RRMS without a prior attack in the last twelve months (MS Control), 21 RRMS patients having a clinical acute attack within the last week (MS relapse), 12 of 21 MS relapse patients one month after the onset of attack and following 1000 mg methylprednisolone for 7 days (MS Remission) and 30 age- and sex-matched healthy individuals. TDH status was determined using an automated spectrophotometric analysis method. TDH levels in all patient groups and control subjects were compared with each other. Results: The lowest native thiol, total thiol levels and native thiol/total thiol ratio were found in the MS relapse patients in comparison to the MS control, MS remission groups and healthy controls. In contrast, disulphide levels, disulphide/native thiol and disulphide/total thiol ratios were highest in the MS relapse group compared to the other patient groups and healthy subjects. Conclusion: Our findings indicate that increased oxidative stress in RRMS patients is reflected with decreased native and total thiol and increased disulphide levels. Since the formation of disulphide bonds is reversible, the progression of RRMS involving abnormal TDH may be controlled, converting disulphides to thiols. So, we suggest determining the dynamic TDH status as a novel and special biomarker in the diagnosis and prognosis of the RRMS patients.