The relationship between all-cause mortality sarcopenia and sarcopenic obesity among hospitalized older people


ATMIŞ V., YALÇIN A., Silay K. , Ulutas S., Bahsi R., Turgut T., ...More

Aging Clinical and Experimental Research, vol.31, no.11, pp.1563-1572, 2019 (Journal Indexed in SCI Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 31 Issue: 11
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s40520-019-01277-5
  • Title of Journal : Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
  • Page Numbers: pp.1563-1572
  • Keywords: Mortality, Obesity, Older people, Sarcopenia

Abstract

© 2019, Springer Nature Switzerland AG.Background and aim: Sarcopenia and sarcopenic obesity (SO) are associated with adverse health outcomes in older people. Data on sarcopenia- and SO-related mortality are insufficient for hospitalized older people. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between sarcopenia, SO and mortality among hospitalized older people. Methods: Two-centered prospective observational study was conducted among 350 hospitalized older people in geriatric units of two university hospitals. Sarcopenia was defined according to the European Working Group on Sarcopenia in Older People. Obesity was defined according to fat mass percentage. Medical history, cognitive status, nutritional status and functionality and laboratory tests were assessed. All-cause mortality rate was recorded at 2 years. Results: The prevalence of SO was 21.1%. The prevalence of sarcopenia was 11.4%. Both sarcopenia (log rank p < 0.001) and SO (log rank p < 0.001) were associated with all-cause mortality at 2 years. There was no difference between sarcopenia and SO for mortality. SO (HR 5.23, p < 0.001), sarcopenia (HR 9.26, p < 0.001), male gender (HR 2.25, p = 0.035), Lawton IADL (HR 0.77, p = 0.02), heart failure (HR 3.25, p = 0.02) and chronic obstructive lung disease (HR 5.16, p = 0.01) were independently related to all-cause mortality. Discussion and conclusions: Both sarcopenia and SO showed an independent relationship for 2-year all-cause mortality after hospital discharge. These results suggest that preventive and treatment options should be taken to decrease mortality associated with these conditions among hospitalized older people.