Treatment effects of the Forsus Fatigue Resistant Device used with miniscrew anchorage


ASLAN B., Kucukkaraca E., TÜRKÖZ Ç., Dincer M.

Angle Orthodontist, vol.84, no.1, pp.76-87, 2014 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 84 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2014
  • Doi Number: 10.2319/032613-240.1
  • Journal Name: Angle Orthodontist
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded, Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.76-87
  • Keywords: Class II correction, Fixed functional appliance, Forsus, Mini-screw

Abstract

Objective: To evaluate the dentofacial effects of the Forsus Fatigue Resistant Device (FRD) used with miniscrew anchorage (FRDMS) and compare them with those of conventional FRD and an untreated Class II control group. Materials and Methods: The sample consisted of 48 Class II subjects. Sixteen patients (13.68 ± 1.09 years of age) were treated with FRDMS, whereas 17 subjects (14.64 ± 1.56 years of age) were treated with only FRD. Also, a control sample of 15 untreated Class II subjects (14.13 ± 1.50 years of age) was constructed. Angular and linear measurements were made on 96 lateral cephalograms. Paired t, one-way analysis of variance, and Tukey tests were used for statistical analysis. Results: Class I molar relationship and overjet correction were achieved in an average period of 6.5 ± 1.97 and 5.5 ± 1.80 months in the FRDMS and FRD groups, respectively. No skeletal effect was determined in both treatment groups. Greater overbite correction was found in the FRD group. Retrusion and extrusion of maxillary incisors, distalization of maxillary molars, and extrusion of mandibular molars were significant in both treatment groups. Labial tipping of mandibular incisors was significantly greater in the FRD group than in the FRDMS group. Conclusion: Overjet and molar correction was totally dentoalveolar. Unfavorable labial tipping of mandibular incisors was effectively minimized with the usage of miniscrews. © 2014 by The EH Angle Education and Research Foundation, Inc.