Long-term efficacy and safety of WovenEndoBridge (WEB)-assisted cerebral aneurysm embolization


Algin O., Corabay S., AYBERK G.

Interventional Neuroradiology, 2022 (Journal Indexed in SCI Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1177/15910199211060970
  • Title of Journal : Interventional Neuroradiology
  • Keywords: Cerebral aneurysm, embolization, intrasaccular flow diverter, recurrence, Woven EndoBridge

Abstract

© The Author(s) 2022.Purpose: Long-term compaction, compression, migration, and recurrence rates of the WovenEndoBridge devices remain unknown. The purpose of this study was to detect these rates and safety profiles of the WovenEndoBridge within 7 years period. Materials and methods: Eighty-three aneurysms of 79 patients treated with the WovenEndoBridge device were retrospectively evaluated using an occlusion scale (e.g. complete occlusion, neck remnant, and aneurysm remnant) on angiography images. Results: The residual aneurysm was observed in 11 (13%) aneurysms. The mean and median diameters of the recurrent aneurysms were 6 and 7 mm. Most of the recurrent aneurysms were complex type and/or ruptured. Mean diameters and the neck-to-body ratios of all residual aneurysms in the preoperative imaging exams were above 4 mm and 0.6, respectively. The median values of preoperative height and neck measurements were higher in the recurrent aneurysms than in the adequate occlusion group (p = 0.006, p = 0.019, respectively). There was a statistically significant positive relationship between preoperative height/neck measurements and the mean diameters of residual aneurysms (rs = 0.32 and p = 0.003; rs = 0.28 and p = 0.011, respectively). The WovenEndoBridge compaction/compression and migration were observed in 5 (45%) and 2 (18%) of the recurrent aneurysms. In 7 (64%) of the residual aneurysms, thrombosed areas were found within the aneurysm. In the follow-up period, four aneurysms (4.8%) were retreated due to widened residual aneurysm. Other aneurysms were improved or stable within 7 years. Discussion: Our adequate occlusion rate was 87%. Occlusion rates are less favorable than aneurysms with a long height, wide neck, or high neck-to-body ratio. Our study confirms the high safety and efficiency of the WovenEndoBridge. Compaction, compression, and/or migration of the WovenEndoBridge and the presence of intra-aneurysmal thrombosis are the main reasons for the recurrences.