Outcomes and complications of radical cystectomy with ileal conduit urinary diversion: A comparison between open, semi-robotic and totally robotic surgery

Asil E., Canda A. E. , Atmaca A. F. , GÖK B. , Ozcan M. F. , Ardicoglu A., ...More

International Journal of Medical Robotics and Computer Assisted Surgery, 2021 (Journal Indexed in SCI Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume:
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1002/rcs.2221
  • Title of Journal : International Journal of Medical Robotics and Computer Assisted Surgery


© 2021 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.Background: It was aimed to compare open versus robotic-assisted radical cystectomy (RARC) with intracorporeal ileal conduit (ICIC), versus RARC with extracorporeal ileal conduit (ECIC) formation for bladder cancer. Materials and Methods: Open, RARC-ECIC and RARC-ICIC groups were compared in terms of patient demographics, operative and postoperative parameters, pathological parameters, complications and functional outcomes. Results: Mean operative times were lower in the RARC-ECIC group (p = 0.004). Mean estimated blood loss was significantly lower (p < 0.01) in the robotic groups. The blood transfusion was lower in RARC-ICIC groups (p < 0.001). Rates of stage pT3–4 disease were the highest in the RARC-ICIC group (p = 0.004). LOS was significantly shorter in the RARC-ICIC group (p = 0.01). Numbers of Clavien 3–5 complications were lower in the robotic groups (p = 0.012). Conclusions: RARC and ICIC is a complex procedure involving an increased operation time but with the advantages of lower estimated blood loss, transfusion rates, complications and hospital stays compared with open surgery.