A novel BRCA1 duplication and new insights on the spectrum and frequency of germline large genomic rearrangements in BRCA1/BRCA2


Sahin I., Saat H.

Molecular Biology Reports, 2021 (Journal Indexed in SCI Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume:
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s11033-021-06499-3
  • Title of Journal : Molecular Biology Reports

Abstract

© 2021, The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Nature B.V.Heritable breast cancers account for 5% to 10% of all breast cancers, and monogenic, highly penetrant genes cause them. Around 90% of pathogenic variants in BRCA1 and BRCA2 are observed using gene sequencing, with another 10% identified through gene duplication/deletion analysis, which differs across various communities. In this study, we performed a next-generation sequencing panel and MLPA on 1484 patients to explain the importance of recurrent germline duplications/deletions of BRCA1-2 and their clinical results and determine how often BRCA gene LGRs were seen in people suspected of hereditary breast and ovarian cancer syndrome. The large genomic rearrangements (LGRs) frequency was approximately 1% (14/1484). All 14 mutations were heterozygous and detected in patients with breast cancer. BRCA1 mutations were more predominant (n = 8, 57.1%) than BRCA2 mutations (6, 42.9%). The most common recurrent mutations were BRCA2 exon three and BRCA1 exon 24 (23) deletions. To the best of our knowledge, BRCA1 5’UTR-exon11 duplication has never been reported before. Testing with MLPA is essential to identify patients at high risk. Our data demonstrate that BRCA1-2 LGRs should be considered when ordering genetic testing for individuals with a personal or family history of cancer, particularly breast cancer. Further research could shed light on BRCA1-2 LGRs’ unique carcinogenesis roles.