The aim of this study was to investigate the bond strength and adhesion of commercially available polydimethylsiloxane denture liner (Molloplast-B) to alumina-abraded or lased heat-cured polymethyl methacrylate denture base resin. The effect of laser irradiation on denture base resin by a surface analyzer and scanning-electron microscopy (SEM) was also determined. Laser-treated specimens demonstrated statistically significantly higher surface roughness values compared to alumina-abraded and untreated (control-group) specimens (p < .05). There were no statistically significant differences in surface roughness between alumina-abraded and control specimens. In the tensile debonding test, no statistically significant differences were found among the treatment modalities tested (alumina abraded, lased, and control) (p > .05). Molloplast-B applied to alumina-abraded polymethyl methacrylate resin surface recorded the highest mean tensile bond strength. Laser-treated specimens produced the next highest mean tensile bond strength, and untreated polymethyl methacrylate resin surface recorded the lowest tensile bond strength. Laser irradiation produced significant surface texture changes of the denture base material. However, this mechanical surface preparation of denture base before application of a resilient liner did not improve the adhesion between denture base and soft lining material. © 2004 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.