A Study of Digital Nativeness and Digital Productivity: Data from EFL and ESL Contexts

Creative Commons License

Bakla A.

Malaysian Online Journal of Educational Technology, vol.7, no.1, pp.15-33, 2019 (Refereed Journals of Other Institutions)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 7 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Doi Number: 10.17220/mojet.2019.01.002
  • Title of Journal : Malaysian Online Journal of Educational Technology
  • Page Numbers: pp.15-33


It  is  often  argued  that  current  generations  use  digital  technologies  in different ways than older ones do. In response to the need for research on how younger  generations  use  new  technologies,  this  paper  surveys  identifiable patterns of technology use in EFL (English as a foreign language) and ESL (English as a second language) learners in daily and academic contexts, with a focus on digital productivity. To collect data, 97 EFL learners and 30 ESL learners were given a  survey  developed  by  the  researcher.  The  survey  was  validated  using  verbal probing as a cognitive validation strategy. The data were analysed using SPSS 18.0 through  descriptive  statistics,  Welch–Satterthwaite  test  and  correlation coefficients.  The  results  revealed  that  while  access  to  technology  is  not  a significant issue in both contexts. However, although ESL students are better at using  technologies  in  daily  life,  they  are  no  different  from  EFL  students  with respect to producing content for learning. The data also indicated that both EFL and ESL learners produced content using only well-established digital tools, and there is some individual variation within both cohort of students. The findings imply  that  it  could  be  useful  to  introduce  new  technologies  into  educational context both at individual and instructional levels.