Neonatal cholestasis is a rare presenting feature of cystic fibrosis which usually cannot be differentiated from other types of cholestasis. Herein, the authors report a 63 d-old boy with cystic fibrosis presenting with neonatal cholestasis mimicking biliary atresia. A new mutation in CFTR gene resulting in severe phenotype has been described. The cystic fibrosis patients with c.3871 G > T mutation may have acholic gaita mimicking biliary atresia in the absence of insipissated bile with minimal histologic findings in the liver. © 2012 Dr. K C Chaudhuri Foundation.