Investigation of Thiol/Disulfide Balance in Obese Rats with Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease


Tursun S., Gülerman H. F. , Gazyağcı S., Şahin Y., EREL Ö. , NEŞELİOĞLU S.

Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition, vol.24, no.5, pp.443-454, 2021 (Refereed Journals of Other Institutions) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 24 Issue: 5
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.5223/pghn.2021.24.5.443
  • Title of Journal : Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition
  • Page Numbers: pp.443-454
  • Keywords: Disulfides, Fatty liver, Obesity, Oxidative stress, Rats, Sulfhydryl compounds

Abstract

© 2021 by The Korean Society of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and NutritionPurpose: Due to the increasing prevalence of obesity worldwide, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) has reached epidemic dimensions over time. NAFLD is the most common cause of chronic liver disease. There is a relationship between NAFLD and oxidative stress. This study aims to investigate the changes in thiol/disulfide homeostasis parameters to determine the oxidant/antioxidant balance in obese rats with diet-induced NAFLD and healthy rats. Methods: Twelve Wistar albino rats were used in this study. Experimentally produced NAFLD obese rats (n=6) and healthy rats were compared. Experimental NAFLD model was created with a special fatty liver diet (Altromin® C1063, Fatty Liver Diet, Exclusivet, Lage, Germany). The biochemical and histopathological features of the groups, as well as serum thiol/disulfide homeostasis parameters, were analyzed and compared. Results: In the experimentally induced NAFLD rat model, they gained more weight than the control group. Steatosis (at least grade 2) occurred in all rats fed with special fatty liver diet for 12 weeks. Histopathologically, no high-grade inflammation was observed in rats with experimental NAFLD after feeding a diet for 12 weeks. Results revealed that aspartate transaminase and alanine transaminase levels were high, albumin levels were low, oxidant stress parameters increased, and antioxidant thiol groups decreased. Conclusion: Experimental NAFLD is characterized by increased oxidant stress accompanying fatty tissue in the liver. Analysis of thiol/disulfide homeostasis parameters in NAFLD can be used in further studies to develop effective treatment options.