We aimed to investigate how orbital blood flow rates in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) are affected by the active and remission phase of the disease. This prospective study included a total of 56 patients with RA (study group) and 24 control individuals (control group). All RA patients were divided into two groups, as active (Group 1) and remission (Group 2) according to the disease activity index (DAS 28) score. For each eye, retrobulbar vascular structures were evaluated [central retinal artery (CRA), posterior ciliary artery (PCA), and ophthalmic artery (OA)], respectively. The peak systolic velocity (PSV) and end-diastolic velocity (EDV) values were obtained for each artery and the vascular resistance index (RI) measurement was calculated. The median RI of the OA was 0.70 (0.57; 0.79) in the control group, 0.77 (0.55; 0.87) in group 1, and 0.73 (0.47; 0.87) in group 2. The median RI in the PCA was 0.70 (0.56; 0.82) in the control group, 0.76 (0.52; 0.88) in the group 1, and 0.74 (0.52; 0.86) in the group 2. The median RI of CRA was 0.73 (0.48; 0.81) in the control group, 0.71 (0.64; 0.81) in group 1, and 0.68 (0.61; 0.85) in group 2. The RI value was a significant difference between control and group 1 (p<0.05). Active and remission RA patients had different effects on the flow rate of eye blood vessels.