Experimental and numerical investigation of RC column strengthening with CFRP strips subjected to low-velocity impact load

Mercimek Ö. , Anıl Ö., Ghoroubi R., Sakın S., Yılmaz T.

Structural Engineering And Mechanics, vol.79, no.6, pp.749-765, 2021 (Journal Indexed in SCI Expanded)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 79 Issue: 6
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.12989/sem.2021.79.6.749
  • Title of Journal : Structural Engineering And Mechanics
  • Page Numbers: pp.749-765


Reinforced concrete (RC) square columns are vulnerable to sudden dynamic impact loadings such as the vehicle crash to the bridges of highway or seaway, rock fall, the collision of masses with the effect of flood and landslide. In this experimental study RC square columns strengthened with and without CFRP strip subjected to sudden low velocity lateral impact loading were investigated. Drop-hammer testing machine was used to apply the impact loading to RC square columns. The test specimens were manufactured with square cross sections with 1/3 geometric scale. In scope of the study, 6 test specimens were manufactured and tested. The main variables considered in the study were the application point of impact loading, and CFRP strip spacing. A 9.0 kg mass was allowed to fall freely from a height of 1.0 m to apply the impact loading on the columns. During the impact tests, accelerations, impact force, column mid-point displacements and CFRP strip strains measurements were taken. The general behavior of test specimens, collapse mechanisms, acceleration, displacement, impact load and strain time relationships were interpreted, and the load displacement relationships were obtained. The data from the experimental study was used to investigate the effect of variables on the impact performances of RC columns. It has been observed that the strengthening method applied to reinforced concrete columns, which are designed with insufficient shear strength, insufficient shear reinforcement and produced with low strength concrete, using CFRP strips significantly improves the behavior of the columns under the effect of sudden dynamic impact loading and increases their performance. As a result of the increase in the hardness and rigidity of the specimens strengthened by wrapping with CFRP strips, the accelerations due to the impact loading increased, the displacements decreased and the number of shear cracks formed decreased and the damage was limited. Moreover, the finite element analyses of tested specimens were performed using ABAQUS software to further investigate the impact behavior.