The determination of the relationship between p97/VCP, small VCP-interacting protein, two ERAD proteins and steroidogenesis in Leydig cell lines


Molecular Biology Reports, 2022 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s11033-022-07740-3
  • Journal Name: Molecular Biology Reports
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded, Scopus, Aquatic Science & Fisheries Abstracts (ASFA), BIOSIS, CAB Abstracts, Chemical Abstracts Core, EMBASE, MEDLINE, Veterinary Science Database
  • Keywords: Leydig Cell, MA-10, p97/VCP, Small VCP-interacting protein (SVIP), Steroidogenesis, TM-3


© 2022, The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Nature B.V.Background: In recent studies, it was shown that Endoplasmic reticulum-associated degradation (ERAD) is regulated by androgens and small VCP-interacting protein (SVIP) is an ERAD inhibitor. There is no data available about the interactions of ERAD proteins with proteins involved in steroidogenesis. The aim of the study was to investigate the expressions of SVIP, p97/VCP, StAR, CYP17A1 and 3β-HSD in human and mouse. Methods and results: HLC, TM3 and MA-10 Leydig cell lines were used to determine roles of ERAD proteins in steroidogenesis based on immunofluorescence, Western blot, qRT-PCR, ELISA. Findings showed that StAR, CYP17A1 and 3β-HSD were colocalized with SVIP and p97/VCP in Leydig cells. A decrease in CYP17A1, 3β-HSD and StAR expressions was observed as a result of suppression of SVIP siRNAs and p97/VCP siRNAs expressions in MA10, TM3 and HLC. When siSVIP transfected cells were compared with siSVIP transfected with hCG-exposed cells, SVIP protein expression was significantly increased as compared to the SVIP transfected group in human Leydig cells. Conclusion: We suggest that the suppression of protein expressions by p97/VCP and SVIP siRNAs in Leydig cells, the effects of proteins involved in steroidogenesis (StAR, CYP17A1 and 3β-HSD) have proven to be originating from p97/VCP and SVIP which were playing a role in the steroidogenesis process. Additionally, it was demonstrated that testosterone levels decreased after transfection with p97/VCP siRNA and SVIP siRNA, p97/VCP and SVIP created an effect on testosterone synthesis while taking place in the steps of testosterone synthesis. Further, it was determined in the study that the SVIP was affected by hCG stimulations.