Comparing Compression Deformation and Rate Sensitivity of Additively Manufactured and Extruded-Annealed 316L Alloys

Enser S., Yavas H., Hamat B. A., Aydın H., Kafadar G., Tanrıkulu A. A., ...More

Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance, vol.30, no.12, pp.8831-8840, 2021 (SCI-Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 30 Issue: 12
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s11665-021-06340-9
  • Journal Name: Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, PASCAL, Aerospace Database, Applied Science & Technology Source, Aquatic Science & Fisheries Abstracts (ASFA), Chemical Abstracts Core, Communication Abstracts, Compendex, Computer & Applied Sciences, INSPEC, Metadex, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Page Numbers: pp.8831-8840
  • Keywords: 316L, additive manufacturing, compression, hardness, rate sensitivity
  • Ankara Yıldırım Beyazıt University Affiliated: Yes


© 2021, ASM International.The deformation behavior of a selective-laser-melt-processed 316-L alloy (SLM-316L) under compression was determined together with a commercial annealed-extruded 316L alloy bar (C-316L) for comparison. Strain rate jump tests and hardness tests on the untested and compression tested samples were also performed. Extensive microscopic observations on the deformed and undeformed samples showed a twinning-dominated deformation in SLM-316L, similar to twinning-induced-plasticity steels, while a martensitic transformation-dominated deformation in C-316L alloy, similar to transformation-induced-plasticity steels. Within the studied quasi-static strain rate regime, the measured higher strain rate sensitivity of SLM-316L was ascribed to the lower distances between the nano-twins, in the level of 100 nm, than the distances between martensite plates, in the level of 1000 nm. A higher hardness increase in the martensite transformation region as compared with the twinned region proved the higher work hardening of C-316L. The hardness tests in the micron and sub-micron levels further confirmed the previously determined relatively low resistances of the dislocation cell walls (sub-grain) to the dislocation motion in SLM-316L alloy.