The maintenance of order in cyberspace has always played a key role in the regulation of the Internet in Turkey and, historically, it has been the main impetus behind Internet reforms. The Turkish Internet Law has evolved from a piece of legislation on the protection of children into a comprehensive piece of legislation that also integrates the rules laid down for the protection of Turkey's national security, the maintenance of public order, and the prevention of offences committed online. Turkey, a member of the Council of Europe and a candidate country for European Union membership, has increasingly tightened its grip over the Internet. It has simultaneously established the legal and political context whilst at the same time undertaking significant upgrades of the Internet infrastructure as an additional way of enhancing its control. In the same context, Internet intermediaries such as Internet service providers and hosting providers are playing a more active role in the process of law enforcement.