Demographic and clinic characteristics and risk factors of molluscum contagiosum in children

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Takci Z., Karatas A., Bas Y., Tekin O., KALKAN G., Seckin H. Y., ...More

Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association, vol.72, no.12, pp.2375-2380, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 72 Issue: 12
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.47391/jpma.4829
  • Journal Name: Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, BIOSIS, CAB Abstracts, EMBASE, MEDLINE, Veterinary Science Database
  • Page Numbers: pp.2375-2380
  • Keywords: Children, Epidemiology, Molluscum contagiosum
  • Ankara Yıldırım Beyazıt University Affiliated: Yes


© 2022 Pakistan Medical Association. All rights reserved.Objective: To address the gap in evidence related to molluscum contagiosum in children by focusing on demographic and clinical features as well as risk factors. Method: The multicentre, prospective, clinical study was conducted at four hospitals in Ankara and Tokat cities of Turkey from August 1, 2014, to August 5, 2019, and comprised patients aged ≤18 years diagnosed with molluscum contagiosum. Data about demographics, day nursery and preschool attendance, the seasons when the disease occurred, any use of Turkish baths and swimming pools, history of personal/familial atopy, coexistence of diseases, disease duration, courses, number of lesions and anatomic localisation. Data was analysed using SPSS 19. Results: Of the 286 patients, 130(45.5%) were girls and 156(54.5%) were boys. The overall mean age was 5.94±3.95 years. The median duration of the disease was 5 weeks (interquartile range: 3.00-12.00 weeks). There was a significant number of cases with family history 18(48.6%) in the 0-3 age group (p=0.027). History of personal atopy was significantly high in the winter season (p<0.05). Patients with >20 lesions had used swimming pools significantly more frequently than the rest (p=0.042). The trunk was the most commonly involved region 162(56.6%). Conclusion: Providing prospective data about demographics, clinical characteristics and risk factors of molluscum contagiosum in children will lead to appropriate preventive and therapeutic measures.