The aim of this study is to compare the effect of stabilization and equilibrium training on hip muscle strength and balance performance of karate athletes with deafness. Twenty-seven athletes from the National Deaf Karate Team (18 males, nine females) with an average age of 24.53 +/- 3.62 (18-43) years were included in this study. The athletes were randomly assigned to either stabilization or equilibrium training group. Both training programs lasted 6 weeks with once per day and 5 days per week sessions. The assessment of muscle strength and balance performance was done before and after the training. The muscle strength and balance have improved in both training groups (P<0.05), but while there was no difference in the results of muscle strength between the groups (P>0.05), balance performance was better in the equilibrium training group (P< 0.05). In conclusion, stabilization and equilibrium training have helped the karate athletes with deafness to improve their muscle strength and balance performance.