The psychometric properties of the figure-of-eight walk test in people with Parkinson's disease


Soke F., ERKOÇ ATAOĞLU N. E. , Ozcan Gulsen E., YILMAZ Ö., GÜLŞEN Ç., Kocer B., ...More

Disability and Rehabilitation, 2022 (Journal Indexed in SCI Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/09638288.2022.2028020
  • Title of Journal : Disability and Rehabilitation
  • Keywords: Figure-of-eight walk test, Parkinson's disease, reliability, validity, walking skill

Abstract

© 2022 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.Purpose: To investigate: (1) the interrater, and test–retest reliability of the figure-of-eight walk test (F8WT) in people with Parkinson's disease (PwPD); (2) the minimum detectable change in the F8WT times; (3) the concurrent and known-groups validity of the F8WT times; and (4) the cut-off times that best discriminate PwPD from healthy people and fallers from non-fallers with PD. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study. Forty-three PwPD and 34 healthy people were recruited. The F8WT was performed along with the timed up and go test, 10 m walk test, Berg Balance Scale, Activities-Specific Balance Confidence Scale, Unified Parkinson's disease Rating Scale, and Hoehn and Yahr Scale. Results: The F8WT showed good interrater and test–retest reliability (ICC = 0.964–0.978 and ICC = 0.905–0.920, respectively). The MDC was 2.77 s. The F8WT was correlated with other outcome measures. Significant differences in the F8WT times were found between PwPD and healthy people and between fallers and non-fallers with PD (p < 0.001 and p < 0.001, respectively). The cut-off times of 8.43 s best discriminated PwPD from healthy people, while 11.19 s best discriminated fallers from non-fallers with PD. Conclusions: The F8WT is a reliable, valid, and easy-to-administer tool in assessing the walking skill of PwPD.Implications for rehabilitation The figure-of-eight walk test (F8WT) is a reliable, valid, and clinically available tool for assessing walking skill in Parkinson's disease (PD). The minimal detectable change of the F8WT is 2.77 s, which may help to determine any real change in walking skill after any intervention. The F8WT correlated with functional mobility, gait speed, balance, balance confidence, and severity and stage of PD. The F8WT times may detect impaired walking skill between people with PD and healthy people, and between fallers and non-fallers with PD.