From Trait Affect and Conscientiousness to Individual Entrepreneurial Orientation: The Mediating Role of Cognitive Flexibility

Özgen H., Tangör B. B.

Journal of Psychology: Interdisciplinary and Applied, vol.156, no.2, pp.117-132, 2022 (SSCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 156 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/00223980.2021.2014390
  • Journal Name: Journal of Psychology: Interdisciplinary and Applied
  • Journal Indexes: Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, ASSIA, IBZ Online, International Bibliography of Social Sciences, Periodicals Index Online, ABI/INFORM, Art Source, ATLA Religion Database, Business Source Elite, Business Source Premier, Child Development & Adolescent Studies, EBSCO Education Source, Educational research abstracts (ERA), EMBASE, Gender Studies Database, Linguistics & Language Behavior Abstracts, MEDLINE, MLA - Modern Language Association Database, Political Science Complete, Psycinfo, Religion and Philosophy Collection, SportDiscus
  • Page Numbers: pp.117-132
  • Keywords: cognitive flexibility, conscientiousness, Individual entrepreneurial orientation, trait negative affect, trait positive affect, undergraduate students
  • Ankara Yıldırım Beyazıt University Affiliated: Yes


© 2021 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.This study investigates the mediating role of cognitive flexibility on the relationship between trait positive/negative affect, and conscientiousness with individual entrepreneurial orientation. A total of 508 (175 male and 333 female) undergraduate students participated in the study. Three separate mediation analyses were carried out. The results revealed that cognitive flexibility partially mediated the relationship between trait positive affect and individual entrepreneurial orientation as well as the relationship between conscientiousness and individual entrepreneurial orientation. The results also showed that cognitive flexibility fully mediated the association between trait negative affect and individual entrepreneurial orientation. Findings of this study show that interventions and individual development programs may be conducted to increase cognitive flexibility of individuals with high levels of trait negative affect, low levels of conscientiousness and low levels of trait positive affect. This might potentially strengthen their levels of individual entrepreneurial orientation.