Effects of cannabinoid receptor 2 synthetic agonist, AM1241, on bleomycin induced pulmonary fibrosis

Parlar A., ARSLAN S. O. , Yumrutas O., Elibol E., Yalcin A., Uckardes F., ...More

Biotechnic and Histochemistry, 2020 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume:
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/10520295.2020.1758343
  • Journal Name: Biotechnic and Histochemistry
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded, Scopus, Academic Search Premier, BIOSIS, Biotechnology Research Abstracts, CAB Abstracts, EMBASE, Food Science & Technology Abstracts, MEDLINE, Veterinary Science Database


© 2020, © 2020 The Biological Stain Commission.Bleomycin (BLM) is a chemotherapeutic agent that can cause pulmonary fibrosis. Little is known about the possible protective role of the CB2 receptor agonist, AM1241. We investigated the effects of CB2 receptor activation by AM1241 on BLM induced lung fibrosis in a rat model. BLM was administered via the trachea. Adult female Wistar rats were divided into five groups: saline (control group), BLM (BLM group), CB2 agonist (AM1241) + BLM (BLMA group), CB2 antagonist (AM630) and CB2 agonist (AM1241) + BLM (BLMA + A group), and vehicle (dimethylsulfoxide) + BLM (BLM + vehicle group). Hydroxyproline, collagen type 1, total protein, glutathione (GSH), malondialdehyde (MDA), interleukin (IL)-6 and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α levels were measured in lung fibrosis and control tissue using standard methods. We investigated the histopathology of lung tissue to determine the extent of fibrosis. We found significantly higher levels of hydroxyproline, TNF-α, IL-6 and total protein in the BLM group compared to the BLMA group. The level of GSH also was higher in the BLMA group compared to the BLM group. Inflammation and fibrotic changes were significantly reduced in the BLMA group. Our findings suggest that CB2 receptor activation provided protection against BLM induced pulmonary fibrosis by suppressing oxidative stress and increasing cytokines.