Impact of coronary revascularization on outcomes of transcatheter aortic valve implantation


Duran Karaduman B., Ayhan H., KELEŞ T. , Bozkurt E.

Anatolian journal of cardiology, vol.25, no.4, pp.225-235, 2021 (Journal Indexed in SCI Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 25 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.14744/anatoljcardiol.2020.42728
  • Title of Journal : Anatolian journal of cardiology
  • Page Numbers: pp.225-235

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Although the effect of coronary revascularization on clinical outcomes before and after transcatheter valve implantation (TAVI) is debatable, there is currently insufficient data to determine the most appropriate revascularization strategy. In this study, we present our single-center experience of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and its effect on clinical outcomes and mortality in patients undergoing TAVI. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of 526 consecutive patients at our center, and 127 patients with obstructive coronary artery disease were included in the study. Patients were divided into two groups: the revascularization group (group 1) and the non-revascularization group (group 2). Procedural complications and long-term all-cause mortality rates were compared between the two groups. RESULTS: Of the 526 patients, group 1 comprised 65 patients (12.3%) who underwent PCI, and group 2 comprised 62 patients (11.7%) who did not undergo revascularization. According to Valve Academic Research Consortium 2 criteria, post-procedural complications, including pericardial effusion, stroke, major vascular complications, major bleeding, and emerging arrhythmias, were similar between the groups. A Kaplan-Meier survival curve analysis showed no significant difference between the revascularization and non-revascularization groups (Overall: 40.0±2.8 month; 95% CI 34.4-45.6 month, p=0.959). After adjustment for basal SYNTAX score, chronic kidney disease stage, previous myocardial infarction, and baseline troponin levels, the long-term survival of group 1 was significantly longer when compared with group 2 (p=0.036). In 75.4% of cases, PCI was performed within 11.0±14.7 days before or after TAVI as a staged procedure. In 13.8% of cases, PCI was performed simultaneously with TAVI. While there was no significant difference in in-hospital, 6-month, and 1-year mortality rates between the simultaneous and staged PCI groups, there was a significant difference in 30-day mortality (11.1% vs. 0%, respectively; p=0.016). CONCLUSION: Peri-procedural and long-term safety outcomes and mortality rates are not significantly different between revascularized and non-revascularized patients, and neither staged nor simultaneous PCI have adverse outcomes in patients undergoing TAVI.